The increasing population and urbanization in South East Nigeria have led to a significant rise in municipal waste generation, posing environmental and health challenges. The study considers the socio-economic, environmental, and technical aspects to evaluate the viability of WTE technologies in dealing with the waste management crisis. The work highlighted the importance of understanding and effectively engaging stakeholders, building consensus, and conducting comprehensive risk assessments for the long-term success of WTE initiatives. Considering the rapid urbanization in the region, adopting the WTE system will not only provide a cleaner environment but will contribute to solving the power problem currently facing the region. The study also noted that to achieve this perfectly, there is a need for proper analysis of the characteristics of the waste composition to determine the best technology for efficiency without jeopardizing the effort. An essential aspect of implementing WTE technologies in the region is the integration of these technologies into existing waste management. Lessons from global experiences provide valuable insights into the challenges and opportunities associated with integrating WTE into broader waste management strategies.